||American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Session: Ocean Acidification: Impacts from the coast to open ocean based upon laboratory studies, proxy data and instrumental records.
The Ocean in a High CO2 World - II
The Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR), Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) convened the second symposium on The Ocean in a High-CO2 World on 6-9 October 2008 in Monaco. The purpose of the meeting was to provide an interdisciplinary forum to assess what is known about ocean acidification and priorities for future research. For more information: visit the symposium pages of this site.
||Marine Ecology Progress Series Publishes Theme Section on Ocean Fertilization
A Theme Section on Ocean Iron Fertilization was published by the journal Marine Ecology Progress Series. The Section brings together 12 contributed papers that cover scientific, legal, ethical, environmental and logistical implications of large-scale iron fertilization of the oceans. The Theme Section is open-access and should be a valuable resource to educators, students, scientists, and the general public.
For more information: Marine Ecology Progress Series
||Kick-off Meeting: EU FP 7 European Project of Ocean Acidification (EPOCA)
EPOCA PIs gathered in Nice in June to launch this new 4 year project to investigate ocean acidification and its consequences. The EPOCA consortium consists of 105 PIs from 29 laboratories in 9 countries, under the lead of Jean-Pierre Gattuso, CNRS, France.
For more information: visit the EPOCA web-site.
||Ocean acidification workshop, University of Tasmania, Australia
The department of climate change and the Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems CRC hosted a 3-day ocean acidification workshop to address teh effects of global processes on ocean acidification, with particular emphasis on its effects in the Australian marine environment and the Southern Ocean. A report was published in August: Position Analysis: CO2 Emissions and Climate Change: Ocean impacts and adaptation issues.
||Convention on Biological Diversity Calls for Moratorium on Ocean Fertilization
At the 9th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (19-30 May 2008), delegates from 191 countries adopted a document that some are calling a "de facto moratorium" on ocean fertilization activities. Countries are requested to ensure that ocean fertilization activities no take place until there is an adequate scientific basis. The delegates also agreed that the CBD should look to the London Convention for guidance on regulation of fertilization. The final version of the approved document will be released later this month by the CBD secretariat. For more informatin: CBD CoP 9 Final Report.
||The London Convention Scientific Group Examines Ocean Fertilization
Ocean fertilization aimed at sequestering atmospheric CO2 was the main topic addressed at the 31st session of Scientific Group of the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (the London Convention) (May 19-23, Guayaquil, Ecuador). The Scientific Group reviewed input from the IOC and other international organizations and discussed how current scientific understanding could be used to inform if and how ocean fertilization may be contrary to the aims of the Convention / Protocol. The Legal Group will review this information and summarize the legal views in a document for consideration by the next joint session of the governing bodies (27–31 October 2008) to determine what further action should be taken towards regulation of the issue of ocean fertilization under the London Convention and Protocol. The Report of the Working Group on Ocean Fertilization will be released later this month. For more information: visit the Resource Library section of the Ocean Acidification Network; Visit the LC / SG 31 web-site.
The Effects of Climate Change on the World's Oceans
ICES, PICES, UNESCO-IOC, SCOR, GLOBEC, and WCRP co-sponsored an international workshop to examine the major impacts of climate change on the oceans, including oceanic circulation, climate modelling, cycling of carbon and other elements, acidification, oligotrophy, changes in species distributions and migratory routes, sea-level rise, coastal erosion, etc. The Symposium brought together results from observations, analyses and model simulations, at a global scale, and included discussions of climate change scenarios and the possibilities for mitigating and protecting the marine environment and living marine resources.
For more information: visit the symposium web-site at: http://www.pices.int/climate_change.aspx
||European Science Foundation Ocean Acidification Strategic Workshop
This workshop was developed to produce a science policy briefing to highlight potential ecological and economic impacts from ocean acidification and to highlight the needs for collaborative international research, with a particular focus on mobilizing national funding agencies within Europe to join resources and collaborate with non-EU partners to address this topic at the international level. The meeting was held in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain.
For more information: visit the ESF EuroCLIMATE website.
Scoping Workshop on Ocean Acidification Research
The US Ocean Carbon and Biogeochemistry program is soliciting input towards a workshop to promote collaborative research on Ocean Acidification. This workshop is being organized by Dr. Victoria Fabry and Dr. Chris Langdon.
For more information: Download the call for discussion topics; Visit the OCB Web.
Ocean Acidification: Back to the Future
A special session on ocean acidification was held at the 97th annual meeting of the Geologische Vereinigung in Bremen Germany.
For more information: Visit the meeting web site and the session site.
Atmospheric CO2, Ocean Acidification, and Ecological Changes in Planktonic Calcifying Organims
The European Science Foundation's EuroCLIMATE programme hosted a Workshop/Networking Activity at the New Science Museum Cosmo Caixa Barcelona and San Feliu Hotel Eden Roc Congress Center, Spain, on Atmospheric CO2, ocean acidification and ecological changes in planktonic calcifying organisms. The objective of the workshop was to bring together a diverse mix of experts, from the cellular and genetic to the ecological and global carbon cycle level. Questions addressed included how the predicted acidification is likely to affect the calcifying plankton, what the possible secondary consequences may be, and what research is needed to allow robust predictions. Lecturers included Richard Feely, Victoria Fabry, James Zachos and Carol Turley.
For more informaiton: Visit the meeting web site.
Exploring Ocean Iron Fertilization: the scientific, economic, legal and political basis
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution: The goal of this meeting was to present the state of the science and discuss remaining uncertainties regarding the impacts and efficacy of ocean iron fertilization and issues that arise with the commercialization of this process. The format included a select set of invited speakers and panel discussions over the course of two full days at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
For more information: http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=14617
Continental Shelf Carbon in a High CO2 World
This special session will be held during the IMBER-LOICZ Continental Margins Open Science Conference in Shanghai. The sources, transport, transformation and fate of continental shelf carbon at the air-sea interface, within the water column and at the seabed across the continental margin. The effects of higher CO2 and ocean acidification modulate the processes of carbon cycling and are first to be seen in high-latitude and continental shelf systems. Invited speaker: Dr. Alberto Borges (Liege, Belgium).
For more information: Visit the Conference web-site.
||US Scientists Testify before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
May 10th: Scott Doney, Richard Feely, David O'Conover, Lara Hansen, James Watkins, and Gordon Kruse provided testimony on the Effects of Climate Change and Ocean Acidification on Living Marine Resources before a United States Senate Sub-Committee.
For more information: Visit the Commerce Hearings Page for written testimony and archived web-cast.
|May 2 - 4
The Significance of Changes in Surface CO2 and Ocean pH in Shelf Sea Ecosystems
Baden Powell House, London. Sponsored by the International Council for Exploration of the Seas (ICES), DEFRA, and Cefas. This workshop will examine potential impacts of ocean acidification on shelf sea environments. For more information: Visit the workshop web-site.
|February 12 - 14
||Plymouth Marine Laboratory- Oceanographic Workshop February 12-14 2007 Devoted to the response of marine ecosystems to increasing levels of CO2; model validation, analysis and quantification of error; DMS production in the upper ocean; operational biophysical oceanography; and, bridging the gap between lower and higher trophic levels.
For more information: please visit the workshop web-site.
||New Rules set by the International Maritime Organization allow storage of CO2 under the seabed
9 February 2007: The IMO released a press briefing describing new amendments to the 1996 London "Dumping Convention" that were adopted at the First Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the London Protocol. Storage of CO2 in sub-seabed geological formations will be allowed as from 10 February 2007, while guidelines on how to store CO2 will be developed for adoption by the Parties to the Protocal in November 2007. Amendments to this decision legally rule out storage of CO2 in the water column or on the seabed.
For more information: download the briefing (http://www.imo.org/Newsroom/mainframe.asp?topic_id=1472&doc_id=7772) or visit the IMO London Convention site (http://www.imo.org/home.asp?topic_id=1488).
||IOC and SCOR release new Ocean Carbon Sequestration Watching Brief. In 2001, the IOC and SCOR developed a Watching Brief on Ocean Carbon Sequestration to inform Member States and the general public about the scientific, technical, and environmental issues surrounding this topic. In 2005, the IPCC published a special report on CO2 capture and storage that provides more up to date information about these issues, and the IOC and SCOR developed a summary of the ocean information presented in that document for the IOC Member States.
For more information: download the brief
||Ocean Acidification - Modern Observations and Past Experiences (2006). This workshop, sponsored by IGBP and SCOR, examined future projections and uncertainties in ocean carbon chemistry and examined what is known from the geological record about past large-scale changes in ocean pH, carbon chemistry, and ecosystems. Information about this workshop, follow-up activities, and publications are available at: http://igbp-scor.pages.unibe.ch/index.html.
Special Issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans: "The Ocean in a High CO2 World"
Published Proceedings from the 2004 international symposium have been compiled into a special edition of JGR. The special issue articles are availabel for download (for AGU members) at http://www.agu.org/journals/ss/HIGHCO2/. Limited hard-copy editions are available through the SCOR or IOCCP project offices.
IPCC Special Report: Carbon Dioxide Caputre and Storage
The IPCC Working Group III led the development of a special report representing the current understanding of carbon dioxide capture and storage, including ocean sequestration.
For more information: Download the full report in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, or Arabic from the IPCC web-site.
Ocean Acidification Due to Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide
The Royal Society of London published its summary, conclusions and recommendations on ocean acidification as part of its report series for the G8 summit.
For more information: Visit the Royal Society web-site and view its report.
Workshop on the Impacts of Increasing Atmospheric CO2 on Coral
Reefs and Other Marine Calcifiers. The USGS, in cooperation with NOAA and NSF,
hosted more than 45 scientists for a three day workshop in St.
Petersburg, Florida to compare research on the impact of increasing
CO2 on calcium carbonate formation of coral reef organisms and
other marine life, and propose courses of action to deal with
the impacts of rising CO2 on these organisms.
For more information: Visit the workshop web-site and download the full report
Climate Change. Met Office, Exeter. The aim of the
symposium was to advance scientific understanding of and encourage
an international scientific debate on the long term implications
of climate change, the relevance of stabilisation goals, and options
to reach such goals; and to encourage research on these issues.
For more information:
The final report is available on the symposium web-site: Avoiding
Dangerous Climate Change: Report of the International Scientific
Steering Committee (181 kB).
Carol Turley (Plymouth Marine Laboratory, UK) led a discussion
and presented a paper on "Reviewing the Impact of Increased
Atmospheric CO2 on Oceanic pH and the Marine Ecosystem"
OSPAR Workshop on CO2 Sequestration in Geological Structures. The OSPAR workshop on the environmental impact of placement
of carbon dioxide in geological structures in the maritime area,
took place in Trondheim, Norway 26-27 October 2004. The workshop,
which was co-hosted by the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment
and the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, brought together
60 participants from nine countries. Presentations included "What are the Effects of CO2 on the
Marine Environment?" by Carol Turley, and "Biological
Impact of Elevated Ocean CO2 Concentrations" by Hans-Otto
For more information:
the agenda, view the powerpoint presentations, and read the workshop
the OSPAR Workshop Report, prepared by the IMO / LC Secretariat
as an information document for the London Convention 28th Scientific
Group meeting. (pdf 204kB).
The Ocean in a High-CO2
World. The symposium addressed
the biological and biogeochemical consequences of increasing atmospheric
and oceanic CO2 levels, and possible strategies for mitigating atmospheric
increases. Topics ranged from ocean physics, to chemistry and biology,
including the impacts of elevated CO2 levels on marine life, the dissolution
of calcium carbonate, and the impacts on coral reefs. Speakers also evaluated
the possible benefits and impacts of surface fertilization and deep-ocean
CO2 injection strategies. Symposium participants did not address whether
it would be a good policy choice to sequester carbon dioxide in the ocean,
but did identify what scientific information is available, and what is
still needed, to make informed policy decisions.
For more information: Visit the 2004 Symposium web-site.